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UNIT 6

GRAMMAR

  • For each situation write one sentence with the present perfect simple + for and one with the present perfect simple + since.
  • We’ve got a caravan. My parents bought it in 2004.

We have had a caravan since 2004

We have had a caravan for years.

  • David and Mary are married. They got married five years ago.
  • My mum doesn’t eat bread. She stopped eating it last June.
  • He’s ill. He fell ill a week ago.
  • Sue works as a doctor. She started working in a hospital in 2006.
  • Alex is my best friend. We met three years ago. (know)
  • Make sentences with the superlative, ever and the present perfect. Use the words in brackets to help you.
  • Greg’s my friend. (good / have)

He’s the best friend I’ve ever had.

  • This exercise is a piece of cake. (easy / do)

  • She’s a very friendly person. (nice / meet)

  • What an amusing story! (funny / hear)

  • This is a really boring film. (bad / see)

  • She has very high goals. (ambitious person / know)

  • Sally’s boyfriend gives her expensive gifts. (generous / she / have)

  • Japanese is a difficult language. (hard / learn)

  • These shoes are killing me. (least comfortable / wear)

  • My sister is very neat. (tidy person / know)

READING

Read the text and complete the exercise.

NEW ZEALAND THE BEAUTIFUL

Many people often lose contact with nature because they are too busy. So when they go on holiday, they look for unspoilt nature. Some special areas can be found in every country or continent. New Zealand is no exception, but here the beautiful sights are everywhere. The main problem then is choosing what to do.

If you have about four months of holiday, you can walk along Te Araroa, a pathway that runs from the north to the south of New Zealand. It is 3000 km long. You will come across thick forests and green farmland. There are impressive mountain ranges and glaciers, rivers and lakes. Some parts of the coastline are rocky but you will also find sandy beaches. Many animals and plants are unique to this country.

If you don’t feel like walking, you can go on a boat tour around both islands. You can also go whale watching from the North or the South Island. The sperm whale is probably the biggest star. It can be seen all year round on the east coast of the South Island.

Water is never far away in New Zealand. Relaxing activities include diving, snorkelling, surfing or sailing. More adventurous visitors can go rafting or kayaking. But the most exciting sport to try is black-water rafting. It is practised in the north, in Waitomo Caves. Participants flow down an underground river using an inflated rubber tube. The water looks black, of course, as the only light comes from your headlamp.

A dry visit of Waitomo Caves is also available for less brave travellers. Visitors take a boat and they can admire small stars on the cave ceiling. The stars are in fact tiny animals, called glowworms, found only in New Zealand.

New Zealand, the best place for sport and nature fans, is also the world centre of adventure tourism. You can do whatever you can think of. Have you ever heard of heli-biking, river surfing or off-roading? What about abseiling or sandboarding? Why don’t you visit the Nevis swing or go jet boating? No matter what you choose, you will always discover something new and unexpected. 

Are these sentences true (T) or false (F)?

T F
1         Modern people are connected with nature.    
2         Every part of New Zealand is very beautiful.    
3         You need about 120 days to walk along Te Araroa.    
4         There are no mountains in New Zealand.    
5         There are lots of special animals and plants.    
6         You can watch whales only from the South Island.    
7         You can do lots of water sports in New Zealand.    
8         People who go black-water rafting travel in black boats.    
9         The stars on the ceiling of the cave are actually very small lamps.    
10     Glowworms live in many different countries.    
11     You can try many unusual adventure activities in New Zealand.    

 

VOCABULARY

  • Complete the sentences. Use a word from the same word family as the word in brackets.
  • Mass __emigration__ (emigrate) from European countries to the USA was caused by war and poverty.
  • Lanzarote, one of the Canary Islands, is a paradise for _________________ (surf); the water is warm and the waves are guaranteed to be good.
  • Guide: “Please, don’t forget to take all your personal _________________ (possess) when you leave the coach.”
  • The owners of the castle had to sell their most _________________ (value) paintings and furniture about a hundred years ago to keep their land and the castle.
  • Emily is in seventh heaven. She’s telling everyone about her _________________ (engage) to her college sweetheart.
  • Craig’s family moves all the time. He has to try hard to adapt to new countries but he’s still always a _________________ (foreign).
  • If you lack _________________ (confident), you won’t be very successful in this job.
  • Ruby works for a well-known fashion house. She’s showed me previews of their spring _________________ (collect) and I think it’s fabulous.
  • London has more than 7 million _________________ (inhabit).
  • Illegal _________________ (immigrate) is a serious problem for many countries.
  • Types of books. Translate the words for different types of books into Slovenian.

Write 1–2 sentences about each type of book. Use the prompts below.

  • My favourite … is …
  • My favourite … was …
  • I never/rarely read …
  • I used to read … but …
  • I can’t stand …
  • I love/enjoy reading
1        picture book slikanica
2        short story
3        fairy tale
4        ghost story
5        thriller
6        detective story
7        science fiction
8        romance
9        novel
10    biography
  • Types of films. Write a film title next to each type of film and add a short description of the film (2–3 sentences).
animated film Shrek; Shrek is an ogre who loves living alone in his swamp. When his peace is disturbed by several fairy tale creatures he decides to reclaim his territory from Lord Farquaad. The film is about his adventures and his love for the princess Fiona.
horror film
comedy
musical
action movie
romantic comedy
historical drama
war film
science fiction
thriller
  • Types of TV programmes. How often do you watch TV? Which TV programmes are your favourite? Write 1–2 sentences next to each type of TV programme.
  • I often/rarely/never … watch …
  • My favourite … is … It’s on at … on …
  • I love/like/hate watching …
documentary I often watch documentaries on National Geographic Channel but also on other channels. My favourite ones are about nature, especially plants. I also love watching some documentaries about animals like Animal Superpowers, for example.
news
interview
chat show
series
soap opera
game show
reality show
cartoon
current affairs
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UNIT 5-READING

prenos (1)

Read the text and do the exercise.

Unusual competitions

Have you ever done anything crazy? Did you get an award for it? No? Well, here is something for you – crazy contests.

  • Air Guitar Playing

Air Guitar World Championships started in Finland in 1996. In this contest, the participants pretend to play the guitar. There are two rounds. In the first round, the participants choose their own song to play. In the second round, the organizers decide what song the contestant should play. All performers have to play alone. It is important that they play well and improvise well.

  • Wife Carrying

Wife-carrying competitions also come from Finland. In this sport, men carry their wives through a special track across sand, grass and water as fast as possible. The women must be at least 17 years old and must weigh at least 49 kilograms. The men can use different techniques. The winning couple get the woman’s weight in beer.

  • Pancake racing

On Pancake Day, pancake races are held all over the United Kingdom. The contestants, traditionally women, carry a frying pan and run to the finishing line. During the race they have to toss the pancakes in the air and catch them. If men want to participate, they must dress up as housewives.

  • Mobile phone throwing

Mobile phone throwing competitions also started in Finland. In this sport participants throw mobile phones. It is important how far they throw them and how they throw them. The funnier their throw is the higher score they get. The prize for winning the world championship is a new mobile phone. Such events promote the recycling of mobile phones.

  • Are these sentences true or false?
True False
1        In the first competition contestants can play any instrument they like.
2        Women who weigh 60 kilograms aren’t allowed to participate in the wife carrying competition.
3        During the pancake race women must toss the pancakes and run at the same time.
4        The mobile throwing champion gets a new laptop.
5        All four competitions first started in Finland.
6        Men and women can participate in all for competitions

UNIT 5-GRAMMAR

prenos

GRAMMAR-UNIT 5

  • Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense. Use will future, going tofuture or the present continuous.
  • There’s a strong anti-pesticides campaign going on these years. I’m sure that in the future, food __will be__ (be) healthier than today.
  • Look at you. You’re freezing. I ______________________ (make) you some nice hot tea.
  • We’ve just got the invitation to Patty and Michael’s wedding. They ______________________ (get) married next month.
  • You better take an umbrella. Look at the sky! It ______________________ (rain).
  • A: What is the weather forecast for tomorrow?
  • B: I think it ______________________ (snow) again.
  • Experts say that 30 years from now, robots ______________________ (do) almost all the housework for us.
  • A: Why don’t you come with me to the football match tomorrow afternoon?
  • B: Sorry, I can’t. We ______________________ (have) a rehearsal for the school play after lunch.
  • A: Alicia has bought a new dress.
  • B: ______________________ (she / wear) it to the prom?
  • A: You bet! Why do you think she bought it?
  • A: Larry, turn off the computer! When ________________________ (you / start) learning maths? The test is in three days.
  • B: Yeah, dad. Don’t worry. I won’t get a D this time.
  • Don’t wait for me. I ______________________ (probably / be) late.
  • Put the verbs in the correct tense. Use the present simple, the present continuous, the past simple, the past continuous, willfuture or going to.

Haris Vučkić 1__is__ (be) a Slovenian footballer, who currently2_________________ (play) for Newcastle United in the English Premier League. He 3_________________ (be) born in Ljubljana in 1992 and4_________________ (grow up) in Domžale. Both he and his older brother Alen 5_________________ (spend) most of their after-school time on the football field. While their peers 6_________________ (chat) online or7_________________ (play) computer games, the two brothers8_________________ (run) after the ball trying to score as many goals as possible. At the age of 16, Haris 9_________________ (already / play) in Slovenia’s first league. His football skills 10_________________ (impress) everyone. A year later, he 11_________________ (sign) his first contract with Newcastle United and in January 2011 a second one. This time for five and a half years.

Here’s a news item about Haris from a sports magazine, May 2012.

Haris Vučkič 12_________________ (not play) much at the moment. He13_________________ (suffer) from another knee injury. Unfortunately for him, he 14_________________ (miss) the rest of the season in order to heal properly. As soon as he recovers, he 15_________________ (start) training really hard again as he wants to join even more prominent football clubs like Real Madrid or Barcelona one day. He hopes there16_________________ (not be) any major injuries in the future.

UNIT4 – REVISION

GRAMMAR

Complete the sentences with too much/too many/enough/a lot of/how much/how many.

e.g.There are too many toys on the floor, so Timmy can’t find his fire engine.

  • A: Have you got ___________ money? B: Yes, I have. Thanks.
  • Dad, I think that’s ___________ washing powder. Mum only uses half as much.
  • She puts ___________ cheese on her pizza. She likes it that way.
  • A: ___________ money do you spend on magazines and snacks every month? B:  ___________, I guess. I should probably save more for rainy days.
  • The bus is crowded. There are ___________ people on it.
  • A: ___________ spoons of sugar should I put in the pudding, mum? B:Two should be just right.
  • I need ___________ flour and eggs. I’m making pancakes for twenty people!
  • I have no idea _________ food we should buy. Are we going camping for three days or four?
  • My mum hates working with computers. She says there are ___________ problems with them.
  • A: I can’t finish my homework. I haven’t got ___________ time. B: That’s because you spend ___________ time at your computer. No more games today!
  • Can you please get me something from the supermarket, if it’s not ___________ trouble?
  • I don’t like this dress. It isn’t pretty ___________.

Complete the sentences with too much/too many/enough/a lot of/how much/how many and a word from the box. 

books     children     coffee     food     old jokes     mistakes     money     petrol     salt     water

A: How much money do you need? B: 20 euros will be enough, I guess.

  • There are ______________ on that shelf. It will break!
  • There’s _____________ in this soup! I can’t eat it!
  • You’ve made ______________ in your essay for a decent grade. You should work on your spelling if you want to improve your grades!
  • A: Is there ______________? B: Yes, don’t worry. We can drive all the way to London and back!
  • She drinks ______________ in the evening, that’s why she can’t sleep.
  • A: ______________ have they got? B: Seven. Quite a big family, don’t you think?
  • The guests were bored stiff. I guess he told them ______________.
  • There’s ______________ in the fridge. We don’t have to go shopping for days.
  • I don’t think this plant has got ______________. Look how dry it is.
  • Complete the sentences with too much/too many/enough/a lot of/how much/how many and another word. Sometimes more than one answer is possible.
  • The streets here are so busy and noisy! There is too much traffic!
  • A: ______________ do you need? B: Not a lot, just some pears, bananas and strawberries. I’m going to make a delicious       dessert.
  • This coffee is too bitter for me! There isn’t ______________ in it.
  • I’ve got ______________! I can write all afternoon and I still won’t finish!
  • ______________ have you got? Only three, but they’re nice, honest and understanding. And that’s what really counts.
  •  READING

Jay’s friend Ana comes from Mexico. Read the text below to learn more about her country. Then do the exercise.

Mexico

Mexico is a country in North America. Its official name is the United Mexican States. Its capital is Mexico City. Mexico covers almost two million square kilometres. The country borders on the USA in the north and the Pacific Ocean in the south and the west. In the southeast it borders on Guatemala, Belize and the Caribbean Sea. In the east there is the Gulf of Mexico. Mexico has over 114 million people. It’s the 11th largest country by population in the world. Some people in Mexico are indigenous. It means that they have the cultural background of the original people of Mexico. They speak one of the indigenous languages. Others are descendants of the settlers who arrived in the time of the Spanish colonisation (16th–19th centuries). They speak Spanish. Mexico has got a pleasant climate and is a very popular tourist destination. One of the most popular tourist attractions is Mexico City. It was built in 1524 on the ruins of an ancient Aztec city. There are many tourist sites in Mexico City and around it. One of the most visited is Chichen Itza1, the largest Maya city on the peninsula of Yucatan, about a thousand kilometres from the capital. There is a famous temple there called El Castillo. It has the shape of a pyramid. The number of steps that lead to the top is the same as the number of days in a year. Mayan art reflected their culture and lifestyle. Their architecture ranged from very simple huts to magnificent temples. The Maya were famous for their mathematical and astronomical systems. They also developed writing around 300 BC. Many people believe that the Maya were an ancient civilisation and that they disappeared a long time ago. The truth is different, though. There are still many Maya people living in the same area as their ancestors. They still speak Mayan languages and respect their traditions.

Write T for true or F for false next to each sentence. Correct the sentences that are false.

Mexico lies in South America.

__________________________________________________________________________Mexico has five neighbouring countries.

__________________________________________________________________________Ten countries in the world have more citizens than Mexico.

__________________________________________________________________________Mexico is a popular tourist destination. __________________________________________________________________________Chichen Itza is near Mexico City.

__________________________________________________________________________El Castillo is an old Maya town with 365 steps.

__________________________________________________________________________ Many people still speak a Mayan language today.


VOCABULARY

  • Match the words in columns A and B. Then find the right definitions in column C. Look at the example.
A B C
1        department a        coaster 1       a building like a hotel but less comfortable and much less expensive, particularly for young people
2        bed and b        rank 2       a building where artists perform musical plays in which they sing most of the words
3        leisure c         hostel 3       a place where taxi drivers wait for passengers
4        art d        store 4       a fast train in an amusement park that goes up and down very steep slopes and around very sudden bends
5        golf e        rink 5       a place where football is played
6        tennis f          breakfast 6       a place where people meet and play golf
7        skating g        gallery 7       a place where people skate on the ice
8        football h        parlour 8       a very big shop divided into several different parts; they sell different things in each part of the shop
9        theme i          centre 9       a place where you can stay overnight and have breakfast the next morning, but other meals are not included
10    roller j          club 10   a building that keeps works of art on display for the public
11    taxi k         court 11   a place where people go to do sports and spend their free time
12    beauty l          pitch 12   a place outdoors where people go to have fun; usually the activities there are connected with one particular idea
13    youth m      house 13   a place where people play tennis
14    opera n        park 14   a place where you go for special treatments that make you look and feel better

Example: 1–d–8

  • Complete the sentences about places in town with one of the words in the box and one of the following: centre, hall, station. There are two words too many!

concert        dance        fire        garden        TV        health        petrol        police        post        radio      railway         sports           town

  • I know Mr Rogers. He’s is a reporter for the __TV station
  • You can play volleyball or go swimming at the ____________ ____________.
  • Greg is trained to put out fires and save people from burning houses. When he’s on duty, he stays at the ____________ ____________.
  • Jim’s on his way to the ____________ ____________. He’s got a bad cut on his hand and needs his bandages changed.
  • Nowadays nothing much goes on at the ____________ ____________. But in the past people went dancing there at least once a week. It was the place where young people met and had a ball.
  • We don’t need to stop at the ____________ ____________ yet. The tank is half full.
  • John is leaving for London in ten minutes. He’s standing on the platform at the ____________ ____________ waiting for his train to arrive.
  • Joe’s never been to a ____________ ____________ because he’s not a fan of classical music. He prefers going to rock concerts at huge football stadiums.
  • Some people are protesting in front of the ____________ ____________ against the new parking rules in the town centre. The Mayor is going to talk to them. I wonder if anything will change.
  • You can buy anything you need for your flower beds at the ____________ ____________. And if you don’t know what to do about your hedge, they can give you some advice.
  • Joe is a DJ at the local ____________ ____________. He often works nights and has many faithful listeners among nurses and night guards.

Rewrite the text. Replace the underlined expressions with the verbget and another word if needed.

In the morning I am out of bed before six o’clock. Then I put on my clothes. I have breakfast and prepare myself for school. At seven o’clock I’m already at the bus stop. As soon as I enter the bus, my best friend usually greets me. Whenever we meet, we talk about music. We both play in a band. When we leave the bus it’s about twenty past seven. Fred is in 7A and I’m in 8B, so we split up when we come to school. I don’t usually go home by bus. My mum picks me up in her car. As soon as I leave the car, my dog runs to me and I can hardly close the car door. And the minute we enter the house, he lies on the floor and I have to rub his tummy.

 In the morning I get up before six o’clock. …

  • Complete the following sentences with the verb get and one of the words in the box.

ahead      along      around      away      by      back      off      over      through      through

  • He’s lost the match and now he can’t __get__ __over__ it. He’s such a sore loser.
  • Whatever trouble you’re in, we’ll __________ __________ it together. You can always count on me.
  • What? I’m grounded for nothing while he can __________ __________ with anything! He is always skipping school and his room is a pigsty!
  • A: How are you with money these days? B: Oh, we can __________ __________. We’ve never had a lot anyway.
  • A: How does Lisa _________ __________ with her brothers?

B: Oh, you know, they often fight, but if she’s in trouble they always help her.

  • He wants to __________ __________ of others in the class, so he works twice as hard as his classmates.
  • You don’t really need a car in the city. It’s easy to __________ __________ on public transport.
  • It’s so difficult to __________ __________ to Sarah! Her phone is always busy!
  • Stop talking and __________ __________ to work!
  • Can you __________ this bug __________ my coat, please? It’s scaring me.