- Natural disasters. Complete the sentences with the words from the box.
avalanche drought earthquake floods landslide hailstorm heat wave volcanic eruption tidal wave tornado
- I’ve never seen such a landslide. The rocks and the soil were coming down the hill at such speed it was almost incredible!
- People in Africa are starving because there hasn’t been any rain for six months. The ____________________ has destroyed all the crops and the rivers have dried up.
- A ____________________ hit the east coast yesterday. The winds blew at 200 kph. It was a terrible sight. It destroyed many buildings and caused a lot of damage.
- Mount Etna has shown signs of activity today. The nearby towns were evacuated because the authorities fear another ____________________.
- The temperatures all around Europe haven’t fallen below 32° C since last week. It looks like another ____________________.
- The rivers have burst their banks. People are living in fear of ___________________.
- All of a sudden, the sky turned dark and it got awfully chilly. Then the ________________ started. It lasted less than five minutes, but the damage was unbelievable. The balls of ice were the size of walnuts.
- A terrible ____________________ shook Ljubljana in 1895. A lot of buildings collapsed and seven people died.
- Two people were caught in an _____________________ under Jalovec last winter.
- A tsunami or a ____________________ is a large wave caused by movement of the Earth under the sea.
- Underline the most appropriate word.
The title of a story in a newspaper is called a column / headline / editorial.
- A cousin of mine writes a fashion article / report / column for a successful magazine.
- There was a photo of Emma Watson with a young man and under it there was a caption / sentence / comment that said: “Who is her mystery man?”
- I put a request / commercial / classified ad in the local paper because I wanted to sell my bike.
- When my grandfather died we put a large notice / obituary / title in the papers.
- Josh loves his job. He works as a foreign journalist / editor / correspondent for The Times.
- A person who writes articles for a newspaper is called a journalist / writer / editor.
- My dad always reads commercials / articles / captions about politics.
- I’m in the habit of reading tabloids / comics / broadsheets at the hairdressers’ to find out what the rich and famous are doing.
- Sunday morning is the best time to read the broadsheets / tabloids / magazines. You can spread them on the kitchen table and read important and serious news.
- Complete the sentences. Use a word from the same word family as the word in brackets.
- Mount Etna’s last 1 eruption (erupt) didn’t cause a lot of damage.
- My neighbour has decided to make a special 2____________________ (sculpt) from plastic. He went to the 3____________________ (recycle) centre last week and he got all the material he needed there. Who knows, he may become 4____________________ (fame) someday.
- The town of Pompeii was destroyed by a 5 ____________________ (volcano) eruption. It was completely destroyed and many people6 ____________________ (death).
- Writers often have to go to 7____________________ (meet) with their8____________________ (edit).
- I love the news. When I grow up I want to be a 9____________________ (journal) or a TV 10____________________ (present).
Spodaj si lahko na kratko preberete o sami knjigi, pod besedilom pa boste najdli dve povezavi, kjer je nekoliko več gradiva. Čisto na koncu pa so še teme za sestavek.
When Junior throws his geometry book at his teacher, little does he know the chain of events that are to follow. On Mr P’s advice he decides to leave the Spokane reservation and its problems with poverty, domestic violence and alcoholism, and find the school with
the most hope; the rich, white school in Reardan.
In between telling his best friend Rowdy (and being punched hard in the face for his troubles), Junior must avoid the ire of the community and somehow find a way to travel twenty-two miles each day. That’s even before he gets to the school and faces isolation, racist taunts, insensitive teachers and the small issue of how to get back home again. Junior is an incredibly likeable character and you cannot help but be drawn into his world, cheering him on and admiring his tenacious spirit. He develop friendships with the most unlikely people and eventually realises that being a Spokane Indian does not mean he cannot be part of other tribes as well.
The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian is a very enjoyable and authentic comingof-age story. The fresh and engaging writing style, alongside the often irreverent humour make this a book that is sure to appeal to young people.
2. NOTES ON GENRE, STRUCTURE AND STYLE
The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-time Indian is a coming-of-age story written in first person narrative from the perspective of fourteen-year-old Arnold Spirit Jr, better known as Junior. As the title suggests, the narrative has a confessional quality, as Junior reveals his
feelings to the reader through the use of verbal and visual language. The style is humorous and often irreverent, as Junior is at times unflinchingly honest about his emotions and experiences. Though this may be uncomfortable for the reader at times, such as when
Junior learns of his sister’s death and is concerned because, ‘Yep, I had a big erection when I learned of my sister’s death’ (p. 202), it is this quality that helps makes the voice of the protagonist so authentic. The ongoing action of the novel is combined with an
exploration of Junior’s emotions and feelings. Of note is the unique structure of the novel. Interspersed within the narrative are pictures;
cartoons that Junior draws because ‘words are too limited’. (p. 5) It is an engaging and effective technique that could lead to interesting discussions about visual imagery in the classroom, particularly about how the cartoons assist the readers’ understanding of the text. The often irreverent and black humour expressed in the cartoons develops the character of Junior more than would be possible with text alone. Further, the use of cartoons has a thematic link to the poverty experienced by Junior and his community. He draws because he ‘want[s] the world to pay attention to [him]’ (p. 6) and he knows that drawing is the ‘only way [he] can become rich and famous’. (p. 6) Junior acknowledges that being rich and famous ‘might be [his] only real chance to escape the reservation.’ (p. 6) Therefore, the visual imagery has an added poignancy to it, illustrating both Junior’s
emotions and feelings, alongside his desire to make something of his life. The chapters are quite short and the dialogue is snappy and realistic, creating an authentic voice for each of the characters. The protagonist is funny and surprisingly matter-of-fact about his life. Though his story is often sad, he does not invite the reader to
feel sympathy for him, instead forcing admiration for his undeniable spirit.
3. ESSAY TOPICS
Write an essay on one of the following topics.
- ‘Most crucial to Junior’s success in Reardan is his personal courage and spirit.’ Do you agree?
- To what extent do the people around Junior support and encourage him?
- ‘It is Junior’s drawings more than his words that depict his emotions and feelings.’ Do you agree?
- ‘The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-time Indian is about the search for personal and cultural identity.’ Do you agree?
- To what extent is the novel about overcoming racism and adversity?
- ‘Before Junior can succeed he must first learn to believe in himself.’ Do you agree?
- ‘Even worse than the crippling poverty that Junior experiences is his low-self esteem in himself and his culture.’ Discuss.
- What does Junior learn during the novel?
- What does Junior teach the people around him?
KLIKNI NA SPODNJO POVEZAVO IN ODPRLA SE TI BO KNJIGICA O MIKLAVŽU 🙂 🙂
Na šolskem tekmovanju devetošolcev iz angleščine je letos sodelovalo 45 učencev. Dosegli so odlične rezultate, saj je 31 učencev prejelo bronasto priznanje, od teh pa se je kar 21 učencev uvrstilo na regijsko tekmovanje, kar je resnično izjemen dosežek.
Učenci, ki prejmejo bronasto priznanje so: Taja Juvančič, Ajda Pirc, David Hodak, Zala Zorn, Rok Eberl, Neža Gliha, Jošt Jesenko, Andraž Strmčnik, Filip Vavtar in Galilej Grabrovec Rajić.
Učenci, ki prejmejo bronasto priznanje in so se tudi uvrstili na regijsko tekmovanje pa so: Joana Todorova, Maša Verbič, Tia Grbić, Aljaž Kurent, Jon Vitezič, Tim Erman, Enej Klement, Sara Mandič, Kristjan Šuštaršič, Asja Zajc, Anja Grojzdek, Ula Ilar, Tinkara Žukovec, Lucija Lohkar, Arne Salobir, Žiga Cimperman, Tina Kobal Lužar, Lina Lengar, Pia Račič, Gaia Vlahovič in Žiga Vodopivec Rozman.
Vsem učencem iskrene čestitke in veliko uspeha na regijskem tekmovanju.
- Complete the sentences with a suitable modal verb. Use must, mustn’t, have (to), not have to in the right tense.
Skiing instructor to his group: “You 1__have to__ put on your helmets now and wear them all the time. You 2______________ take them off when you use the ski lift or chair lift.”
When you travel by train you 3______________ never lean out of the window when the train is moving. It’s very dangerous.
A guide: “We’re going into the museum now. You 4______________ leave all your bags in a special container that will be locked during your visit. I’m afraid you 5______________ take any photos here, so leave your cameras in your bags, please.”
I booked our hotel on the Internet yesterday evening. I6______________ pay right away, I just 7______________ give them my credit card number. They’ll send me a confirmation email. I8______________ print it as soon as I get it and I absolutely9______________ forget it at home. When we come to the hotel, we10______________ show it to get the room.
- Complete the text with the right form of the verbs in brackets. Use past simple active or passive.
A Chopper is a type of motorcycle that has been modified from an original motorcycle design (‘chopped’) or built from scratch to have a hand-crafted appearance. It all 1__started__ (start) after the Second World War when some people 2____________________ (not be) satisfied with Harley-Davidson motors. They 3_____________________ (need) something different. First the fenders 4____________________ (remove) from the bikes and the handlebars 5____________________ (raise) high. The front tyre 6____________________ (make) thinner. Anything that7_____________________ (not need) had to be removed.
When the film Easy Rider 8____________________ (release) in 1969, more and more people 9___________________ (want) a Chopper. Not just a Harley-Davidson, but other brands 10____________________ (use) to make them. The most valuable Choppers were those that11____________________ (make) from scratch.
- Rewrite the sentences by changing them from active to passive.
- They built the first TGV train in 1981.
The first TGV train was built in 1981.___________________________________
- Many people in France use TGV trains.
- TGV trains hold the world speed record, which stands at 574.8 kph.
- Engineers designed the trains to be eco-friendly.
- The lights on the trains use low-energy light bulbs.
- They compact the waste and recycle the waste water.
- TGV trains connect cities across France and neighbouring countries.
- They used the duplex TGV for the first time in 1995.
- The duplex TGV features two sitting carriages.
- Choose the correct verb form to complete the sentences. Circle a, b or c.
Did you know that …
- in 1642, while still a teenager, Blaise Pascal 1_______ some pioneering work on calculating machines and after three years of effort and 50 prototypes he 2_______ the mechanical calculator?
- the first working computer 3_______ by Frederic C. Williams andTom Kilburn at the University of Manchester in 1948?
- the first commercial desktop computer was Programma 101? It4_______ by Italian manufacturer Olivetti. It 5_______ $3,200, which equalled $23,000 in 2011. About 44,000 units 6_______, primarily in the US.
- there are over 200 social networks and you 7_______ to register with most of them unless you are 13 or older?
- more than 92% of connections on Facebook 8_______ through a friend of a friend?
- Google 9_______ by two Stanford University students who decided not to obtain doctor’s degree, but create a company instead?
- Google uses various versions of their logo for use on holidays, birthdays of famous people and major events, such as the Olympics. They 10_______ as Google Doodles.
- Google 11_______ after a very large number, googol – a one, followed by one hundred zeros. This number 12_______ to show that the search engine wants to provide large quantities of information for people, but they 13_______ it.
- A starts B started C was started
- A invented B is invented C was invented
- A developed B is developed C was developed
- A produced B was produced C were produced
- A cost B costs C was cost
- A sold B are sold C were sold
- A don’t allow B aren’t allowed C weren’t allowed
- A make B made C are made
- A founded B is founded C was founded
- A know B are known C were known
- A named B is named C was named
- A chose B is chosen C was chosen
- A misspelled B are misspelled C were misspelled
- Match the underlined words in sentences 1–10 with their explanations a–j.
- It’s a good idea to visit famous places off-season because it’s much cheaper.
- I’d like a return ticket to Brighton, please.
- When you travel on the Tube in London, you can use a smartcardcalled an Oyster card or a Travelcard.
- You must put credit on your Oyster card before using it.
- When you have used almost all your credit, you must top up your Oyster card.
- You must touch your Oyster card on card readers when travelling so that you are charged the right fare.
- You save a lot of time and money if you book your tickets to London attractions in advance.
- Fast Track tickets for the London Eye allow you to bypass a section of the queue.
- All tickets to the London Eye include free access to the 4D Experience.
- If you book a ticket to the London Eye online, you get a 10 per cent discount.
- the price of a bus/train journey
- to a place and back
- before the journey
- go past
- lower price
- during a less busy period
- also allow
- add money to
- used to pay for things and store information
1 __g___ 2 ______ 3 ______ 4 ______ 5 ______
6 ______ 7 ______ 8 ______ 9 ______ 10 ______
- Match the words with their explanations.
|1 to commute2 a customs officer3 a cruise4 baggage reclaim
5 a platform
7 jet lag
8 boarding pass
9 a coach
10 to hitchhike
|a a journey on a big ship during which you visit different placesb to travel for free in a stranger’s carc a place at an airport where you get your bags after your plane has landedd arriving or departing at a later time
e a card you have to show before you get on a plane
f to travel between work and home
g a comfortable bus for travelling long distances
h a person who checks your bags when you enter another country
i the feeling of tiredness after a long flight
j a raised part at a railway station where you get on or off a train
1 __f___ 2 ______ 3 ______ 4 ______ 5 ______
6 ______ 7 ______ 8 ______ 9 ______ 10 ______
- Complete the sentences. Use a word from the same word family as the word in brackets.
- I can’t find a direct __flight__ from Ljubljana to New York. (fly)
- There’s just a narrow road through this valley but there are lots of motorbike They go so fast that you have to drive really carefully. (ride)
- My sister knows all the modern fashion __________________ and she thinks the young ones are much more interesting than the famous ones. (design)
- Americans have some rather special __________________; June 14, for example, is Flag Day and February 2 is called Groundhog Day. (celebrate)
- We’re learning about the American Civil War in our history lessons and we’ve watched a film about __________________. (slave)
- There are huge coffee __________________ in Latin America, Africa and Asia. (plant)
- Wars cause so much unnecessary __________________. (suffer)
- A healthy diet __________________ talked to us about the importance of organic farming. (campaign)
- In summer, many people from __________________ Europe travel on holiday to the south. (north)
- Lots of people had an unhappy __________________ because of World War II. (child)
Read the text and complete the exercise.
Rolls-Royce and the Spirit of Ecstasy
Rolls-Royce Motor Cars is a British company which makes luxury cars. When Fredrick Henry Royce bought his first car, he wasn’t happy with it. He decided to build a better car. His cars became famous for their silent ride. Charles Stewart Rolls, who sold French cars in London, noticed Royce’s cars. Rolls and Royce met in Manchester in 1904. During the meeting Rolls was impressed by Royce’s qualities. The two men soon started a partnership. Rolls died when his plane crashed in 1910. He was the first Briton to be killed in a plane crash. When Royce died 23 years later, the “RR” logo on the cars was changed from red to black. Some people believe that was done as a sign of mourning. Actually, Royce decided to do that before he died because the colour black was more suitable than red. Rolls-Royce cars have a special bonnet ornament. It’s called the Spirit of Ecstasy. It is a woman leaning forwards with her arms behind her. It was added to the early models because some customers thought that such a good car should have a special mascot.The ornament was inspired by a secret love story between John Walter, who was from an important family, and his secretary Eleanor Thornton. It was created based on Eleanor’s appearance and presented in February 1911. It has been a part of Rolls-Royce cars for more than a century. The present model is about three inches tall. The Spirit of Ecstasy’s hundredth birthday was celebrated in 2011. More than a hundred Rolls-Royce cars went for a drive around London and a famous photographer was asked to make a hundred photos inspired by the Spirit of Ecstasy.
Complete the sentences with one word only.
- Rolls-Royce are _________________ cars.
- Royce’s first cars were famous because they were _________________.
- Rolls and Royce met in _________________ in 1904.
- Rolls was killed in a _________________ crash.
- The first “RR” logos were _________________ then they were changed to black.
- The Spirit of Ecstasy is a _________________ leaning forwards.
- John Walter was in _________________ with Eleanor Thornton.
- The ornament looks like _________________.
- In 2011 the ornament was a _________________ years old.
- A famous photographer took a hundred _________________ inspired by the ornament.